Factors Associated with the Quality of Life of People Living with HIV/AIDS

Factors Associated with the Quality of Life of PLHIV

  • Maria Sandra Andrade Universidade de Pernambuco
  • Clarissa Mourão Pinho
  • Aline Ferreira Targino Soares
  • Eduardo Tavares Gomes
  • Cynthia Angélica Ramos de Oliveira Dourado
  • Mônica Alice Santos Silva
  • Evelyn Maria Braga Quirino
  • Morgana Cristina Leôncio Lima
  • César Andrade Lima
  • Regina Celia Oliveira

Abstract

Purposes: Evaluate the quality of life and the associated factors in people living with HIV.


Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach and random sample selection, carried out in two Specialized Assistance Services, with 356 people living with HIV. The comparison between the domain scores was performed using the student t test, ANOVA and Pearson’s correlation. Multiple linear regression was used to assess the contribution of variables to the outcome quality of life using the stepwise method.


Results: The domains that showed the best results in averages were Psychological (17.0), Social Relations (14.9) and Level of Independence (14.0). The domain that had the greatest determination was the Psychological (R² = 0.49), followed by Social Relations (R² = 0.434), the lowest determination was the Spirituality domain (R² = 0.270). No domain had a score considered high.


Conclusion: The quality of life presented unsatisfactory results, especially in the Physical, Environment and Spirituality domains. The need to formulate strategies aimed at coping with HIV and increasing the quality of life of people living with HIV is evident.

Author Biography

Maria Sandra Andrade, Universidade de Pernambuco
Faculdade de Enfermagem

References

1. WHOQOL HIV Group. Initial steps to developing the World Health Organization's Quality of life Instrument (WHOQOL) module international assessment in HIV/AIDS. AIDS care. 2003 [cited 2018 Jun 12]; 15(3):347-357.

2. Thapa R, Amatya A, Pahari DP, Bam K, Newman MS. Nutritional status and its association with quality of life among people living with HIV attending public antiretroviral therapy sites of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. AIDS research and therapy [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2018 Jun 26];12(1):1-10. Available from: https://aidsrestherapy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12981-015-0056-9

3. UNAIDS. Communities at the centre. Global Aids Update [Internet]. 2019. [cited 2019 Oct 19]. Available from: https://www.unaids.org/sites/default/files/media_asset/2019-global-AIDS-update_en.pdf

4. Catalan J, Tuffrey V, Ridge D, Rosenfeld D. What influences quality of life in older people living with HIV? AIDS Research and Therapy [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2018 Jun 26]; 14(1):14-22. Available from: https://aidsrestherapy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12981-017-0148-9

5. Oliveira Filho JS, Silva PE, Freitas FFQ, Soares JP, Costa MAG, Oliveira e Silva AC. Qualidade de vida de pessoas vivendo com HIV/AIDS. Revista Baiana de Enfermagem. 2014 [cited 2018 Aug 12]; 28(1):61-68

6. Fekete EM, Williams SL, Skinta MD, Bogusch LM. Gender differences in disclosure concerns and HIV-related quality of life. Aids Care [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2018 Jun 26]; 28(4):450-4. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26850839

7. Brasil. Cinco passos para a construção de linhas do cuidado para Pessoas Vivendo com HIV/aids. Ministério da Saúde, Secretária de Vigilância em Saúde. Departamento de Vigilância, Prevenção e Controle das Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis, do HIV/aids e das Hepatites Virais. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde. [Internet] 2017. [cited 2018 Jun 26]; Available from: http://www.aids.gov.br/pt-br/pub/2017/kit-hivaids-na-atencao-basica-material-para-profissionais-de-saude-e-gestores-5-passos

8. Hipolito RL, Oliveira DC, Costa TL, Marques SC, Pereira ER, Gomes AMT. Quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS: temporal, socio-demographic and perceived health relationship. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem. 2017 [cited 2018 Aug 12];25: e2874.

9. Vo QT, Hoffman S, Nash D, et al. Gender Differences and Psychosocial Factors Associated with Quality of Life Among ART Initiators in Oromia, Ethiopia. AIDS Behav. 2016 [cited 2018 Aug 12]; 20:1682. doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1396-8

10. Munene E, Ekman, B. Does duration on antiretroviral therapy determine health-related quality of life in people living with HIV? A cross-sectional study in a regional referral hospital in Kenya. Global Health Action. 2014 [cited 2018 Aug 12]; 7(1):1–11

11. Lemos LA, Fiuza MLT, Reis RK, Ferrer AC, Gir E, Galvão MTG. Adherence to antiretrovirals in people coinfected with the human immunodeficiency virus and tuberculosis. Rev Lat-Am Enferm [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2018 Aug 12]; 24: e2691. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rlae/v24/0104-1169-rlae-24-02691.pdf

12. Oliveira FBM, Queiroz AAFLN, Sousa AFL, Moura MEB, Reis RK. Sexual orientation and quality of life of people living with HIV/Aids. Rev Bras Enferm [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2018 Jun 26]; 70(5):1004-10. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28977227

13. Pinho CM, Dâmaso BFR, Gomes ET, Trajano MFC, Andrade MS, Valença MP. Coping religioso e espiritual em pessoas vivendo com HIV/Aids. Rev. Bras. de Enf. [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2018 Aug 12]; 70(2):410-7. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/reben/v70n2/pt_0034-7167-reben-70-02-0392.pdf

14. Arrey, AE, et al. Spirituality/Religiosity: A Cultural and Psychological Resource among Sub-Saharan African Migrant Women with HIV/AIDS in Belgium. Plos One. 2016 [cited 2017 Aug 12]; 11(7):e0159488. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27447487

15. Oliveira FBM, Moura MEB, Araújo TME, Andrade EML. Qualidade de vida e fatores associados em pessoas vivendo com HIV/AIDS. Act Paul Enferm [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2018 Aug 12]; 28(6):510-516. doi: 10.1590/1982-0194201500086

16. Sun W, Wu M, Qu P, Lu C, Wang L. Quality of Life of People Living with HIV/AIDS under the New Epidemic Characteristics in China and the Associated Factors. PLoS ONE. 2013 [cited 2018 Aug 12]; 8(5): e64562. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064562

17. Yetnayet AW, Melaku HL, Tolossa W, Mulusew G. Health-Related Quality of Life and Associated Factors among Women on Antiretroviral Therapy in Health Facilities of Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia. Advances in Public Health. 2018 [cited 2018 Aug 12]; 2018:5965343. doi: 10.1155/2018/5965343

18. Galvão MTG, Soares LL, Pedrosa SC, Fiuza MLT, Lemos LA. Quality of life and adherence to antiretroviral medication in people with HIV. Act Paul Enferm [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2018 Aug 12]; 28(1):48-53. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/ape/v28n1/en_1982-0194-ape-028-001-0048.pdf
Published
2020-06-02
How to Cite
ANDRADE, Maria Sandra et al. Factors Associated with the Quality of Life of People Living with HIV/AIDS. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 13, june 2020. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imedicalpublisher.com/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2928>. Date accessed: 19 jan. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.3823/2627.
Section
Public Health and Health Management

Most read articles by the same author(s)